Research & News

A Reactive HIV Rapid Antibody Test in a Pregnant Woman

Jan 18, 2017

The article describes the case of a pregnant woman with a positive rapid antibody result and the subsequent tests performed to determine her HIV status. It provides an overview of confirmatory HIV testing and interpretation of fourth generation algorithm testing results... Read More

Missed Opportunities for Repeat HIV Testing in Pregnancy

Jan 18, 2017

The authors conducted a retrospective cohort study at a hospital in Baltimore, Maryland to determine if women received a second HIV test and to compare HIV retesting with mandated syphilis retesting. They share their findings and recommendations for improving the uptake... Read More

Improving Perinatal HIV Exposure Surveillance and Reporting

Jan 18, 2017

The authors describe the current status of perinatal HIV exposure surveillance and reporting in the United States. They offer recommendations for improvement to sustain progress made in lowering perinatal HIV transmission rates. Citation: Brady KA, Storm DS,... Read More

Perinatal ART Exposure and Prevented Perinatal Infections in the United States

Nov 23, 2016

Using published estimates for the United States, the authors calculated the number of perinatally exposed and infected infants born during 1978-2010, the number of perinatal HIV cases prevented, and the number of infants exposed to antiretroviral drugs during the prenatal... Read More

Benefits and Risks of ART for Perinatal HIV Prevention

Nov 23, 2016

The authors present randomized-trial data on the risks and benefits of ART as compared to zidovudine and single-dose nevirapine for prevention of HIV transmission from mother to child. Antenatal ART resulted in significantly lower rates of early HIV transmission but a... Read More

Updated Perinatal Guidelines Available - October 2016

Oct 27, 2016

The US Public Health Service released an update to the Recommendations for Use of Antiretroviral Drugs in Pregnant HIV-1-Infected Women for Maternal Health and Interventions to Reduce Perinatal HIV Transmission in the United States on October 26, 2016. This update can be... Read More

HIV Stigma and Adherence to Medications

Sep 09, 2016

Researchers from the WIHS (Women's Interagency HIV Study) analyzed reports of internalized stigma around HIV and adherence to HIV medications. For those women who reported suboptimal medication adherence, internalized stigma resulted in a perception of less social support... Read More

Women's Health Care and Promotion of PrEP for HIV Prevention

Sep 09, 2016

Providers should have the discussion around HIV prevention with all sexually active female patients and should include preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) as part of that discussion. Providers should also engage in shared decision-making with patients and review fertility... Read More

Prenatal Care, Timing of Diagnosis, and HIV Outcomes in Pregnancy

Sep 02, 2016

Researchers retrospectively examined mother-child pairs in Philadelphia between 2005-2013 for timing of diagnosis of HIV and the relationship to engagement in prenatal care and ultimately, viral suppression. Of the 25% of the sample that was diagnosed with HIV during... Read More

PrEP and Conception

Aug 26, 2016

The use of once daily oral tenofovir (TDF) as pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) has been shown to be effective in prevention of transmission of HIV between serodiscordant partners. However, HIV-negative women who use PrEP to conceive with an HIV-positive partner need to... Read More

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