Research/News - 2009

HIV Vaccine Study Shows Promising Results

Sep 28, 2009

A new HIV vaccine regimen that was tested among more than 16,000 young adults in Thailand showed some preventive effect against HIV infection. Click to view the press release.

Obstetric and Newborn Outcomes in HIV-Infected Women Receiving HAART

Sep 17, 2009

A recent study examined perinatal outcomes in HIV-infected women receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) compared with the general population. HIV-positive women were found to be at higher risk for preterm birth and lower birthweight infants. Additionally,... Read More

Maternal ART Reduces Transmission of HIV Through Breast Feeding

Sep 01, 2009

A study recently presented at the 2009 International AIDS Society conference found that in a breast feeding population of women in Botswana, the rate of mother-to-child transmission was 1% among women who received ART through six months postpartum. The study authors... Read More

Hotline Participates in CDC National HIV Prevention Conference

Sep 01, 2009

Hotline staff recently presented two posters at the CDC's 2009 National HIV Prevention Conference in Atlanta, Georgia. The posters demonstrated improvements in perinatal HIV testing in Illinois and ethnoracial and prenatal care differences in women presenting with positive... Read More

Resistance to Antiretrovirals in HIV-Infected Pregnant Women

Aug 30, 2009

In a study to determine the prevalence of resistance to ARV prior to treatment and its effect on the pregnancy outcome, investigators found that resistance to antiretrovirals was common in antiretroviral-experienced patients, but not in naive women. The study's findings of... Read More

In Utero Infections Linked with Increased Risk of Nevirapine Resistance

Aug 30, 2009

A recent study of Ugandan infants revealed that in utero HIV infection was the only factor associated with nevirapine resistance detected in infants 6-8 weeks after sdNVP exposure. Citation:Church JD, Mwatha A, Bagenda D, Omer SB, Donnell D, Musoke P, Nakabiito C, Eure C,... Read More

Rapid HIV Testing is Feasible and Provides Faster Results Than Conventional Testing

Aug 27, 2009

The Mother-Infant Rapid Intervention at Delivery (MIRIAD) study demonstrated that women overwhelmingly accepted testing, and rapid HIV testing provided faster results than conventional testing with point-of-care rapid testing providing the fastest results. Citation:Tepper... Read More

Updated Guidelines for HIV-Related Pediatric Care Now Available

Aug 27, 2009

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's recent Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) includes updated guidelines for the prevention and treatment of opportunistic infections in HIV-infected or HIV-exposed children. Click to access the new guidelines and the... Read More

Premasticated Food for Infants Potential HIV Risk

Aug 12, 2009

This study reviews three cases in the United States where perinatal transmission of HIV has been ruled out, but infants have been diagnosed with "late" HIV transmission. In each, case a parent or caregiver routinely fed premasticated food to the child and epidemiologically... Read More

Conception Options and Harm Reduction for HIV-affected Couples

Aug 12, 2009

As HIV-infected individuals live longer, healthier lives, many are eager to conceive children. This can pose numerous risks to both partners, whether sero-concordant or sero-discordant. Reproductive technologies such as sperm washing and artificial insemination are not... Read More