Research/News - 2012

Review of Current Knowledge Around Pregnancy for HIV-Positive Women

Dec 31, 2012

This article, part of the Reproductive Health Matters special issue, focuses on a literature review of what information is available about contraception and family planning options for women with HIV as well as current gaps around best practices for achieving a healthy... Read More

Pregnancy Decisions of HIV-Positive Women: Editorial

Dec 31, 2012

The journal Reproductive Health Matters solicited papers for a special issue focused on HIV and pregnancy as a follow-up to a conference held in 2010 at the Harvard School of Public Health.  Issues around reproduction in both resource-rich and resource-poor areas are... Read More

Bacterial Vaginosis May Increase Risk for Perinatal HIV Transmission

Dec 26, 2012

Researchers from a microbicide trial studied vaginal microbiota of HIV-infected women, both those who transmitted HIV to their infants and those who did not. Alterations of several species of bacteria were more common in those women who transmitted HIV to their infants.... Read More

Tenofovir During Pregnancy - Does it Affect Fetal Growth?

Dec 26, 2012

Researchers used regression models to look for incidence of low birth weight (LBW), small for gestational age (SGA) births, and other size measures in infants born to women who used HAART regimen containing tenofovir during pregnancy. There was no significant association... Read More

Addressing Concerns Around Routine Prenatal HIV Testing

Dec 25, 2012

Authors found that the more information around the reasons to perform HIV testing during pregnancy provided to women, the more comfortable and accepting of testing they were. In addition, performing that testing in a supportive, confidential environment made women more... Read More

Exposure to ART In Utero and Postnatally

Dec 25, 2012

As part of the Pediatric HIV/AIDS Cohort Study, researchers looked at the monitoring data around exposure to ARTs to determine the proportion of children exposed to ARTs in utero that were subsequently HIV-uninfected. Researchers found that the use of HAART during the... Read More

Special Issue on PrEP in the US - American Journal of Preventive Medicine

Dec 25, 2012

The American Journal of Preventive Medicine published a special issue on PrEP in the United States.  Articles in the supplement focus on implementation of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), lessons learned from implementation of post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP), and adherence... Read More

ART and Serodiscordant Couples in China

Dec 25, 2012

China is interested in the treatment-as-prevention approach for HIV prevention after this study showed treatment with ART for the infected partner of a serodiscordant couple reduced HIV transmission to the non-infected partner. This is an important advance for a developing... Read More

Int'l Antiviral Society - USA's 2012 Recommendations

Dec 25, 2012

After a systematic review of the current data, the International Antiviral Society - USA (formerly the International AIDS Society - USA) broadly recommends antiretroviral therapy for all HIV-infected persons, regardless of CD4 count. In addition, the Society addresses its... Read More

HAART and Adverse Birth Outcomes in Botswana

Dec 20, 2012

Researchers found that use of HAART for HIV control during pregnancy was associated with higher rates of adverse birth outcomes than the use of AZT alone. Women on HAART had higher rates of preterm delivery (PTD), small for gestational age births (SGAs), and stillbirth.... Read More