Research/News - 2009

Patients Lost to Follow-up Have Worse HIV Outcomes

Aug 11, 2009

Among those patients who were lost to HIV care follow-up for at least one year, those who eventually returned to care show a higher risk of death than those who remained in care. Those returning to care showed lower CD4 counts and a higher number of AIDS-defining events.... Read More

HIV and Cesarean Delivery Post-operative Complications

Aug 11, 2009

This study compared rates of cesarean delivery post-operative complications for women with HIV and those without. Women with HIV were less likely to have an emergent cesarean delivery and to have ruptured membranes prior to delivery while having similar rates of post-... Read More

Patient HIV Testing Decision Making and Test Counseling Options

Aug 11, 2009

This randomized-controlled study looked at the rates of HIV testing and basic HIV knowledge in groups that received either standard HIV test counseling or abbreviated test counseling during prenatal care. Women that received abbreviated test counseling did not have a... Read More

Women's Opinions About Opt-Out HIV Testing

Aug 10, 2009

A cross-sectional survey of women showed that 90% agreed with routine HIV testing during pregnancy. Women also felt that HIV tests required additional information to be provided to the patient. Those that had not been screened for HIV during pregnancy were less likely to... Read More

Primary Care Pediatrician Management of HIV-Exposed Infant

Aug 06, 2009

This article addresses the ability of the primary care pediatrician to effectively manage the HIV-exposed infant. It encourages consultation with the infectious disease specialist but emphasizes that primary care providers are capable of caring for these infants in their... Read More

New Tool Available for Finding Local HIV Testing Sites

Aug 04, 2009

The CDC has launched a new online tool to find an HIV testing site near you. Click here for more information.

WHO May Change Guidelines on ARV for Breastfeeding Mothers

Jul 23, 2009

The World Health Organization (WHO) announced it may change its international guidelines for mothers taking antiretrovirals in light of data presented recently at the 2009 International AIDS Society conference in South Africa. The new data show evidence that HIV infection... Read More

Postpartum HIV Treatment Discontinuation and Maternal Outcomes

Jul 05, 2009

Though the use of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) during pregnancy has significantly contributed to decreased rates of mother to child transmission of HIV, the question of whether HAART should be routinely continued in HIV-infected mothers after delivery has... Read More

CDC Releases Guidelines for Pregnant Women and Novel Influenza A (H1N1)

Jun 29, 2009

The CDC has released guidelines for pregnant women, including those who are HIV-positive, and novel influenza A (H1N1). The guidelines recommend the use of oseltamivir (Tamiflu) for pregnant women with confirmed, probable or suspected cases of novel influenza A (H1N1)... Read More

Effects of Antiretroviral Treatment Interruption During Pregnancy

Jun 21, 2009

A recent study finds that discontinuing antiretroviral treatment during either the first or third trimesters of pregnancy increases the rate of mother-to-child transmission of HIV. Citation: Galli L, Puliti D, Chiappini E, Gabiano C, Ferraris G, Mignone F, Viganò A,... Read More