Research/News - 2011

ART for Infants with Exposure to Nevirapine In Utero

Dec 26, 2011

For those infants that were exposed to a single dose of nevirapine (NVP) given to the mother for prevention of HIV transmission, infant antiretrovital therapy consisting of zidovudine (AZT), lamivudine (3TC), plus NVP was less effective than ART consisting of AZT, 3TC, and... Read More

Non-Disclosure of HIV Status to Partner and Prevention of Perinatal HIV

Dec 15, 2011

The French Perinatal Cohort study found that while non-disclosure of HIV status to the male partner was associated with late initiation of ART, detectable viral load at delivery and lack of infant treatment, overall rates of perinatal transmission were not different between... Read More

Correlates of MTCT of HIV

Dec 12, 2011

A recent article published in the journal Pediatrics examines enhanced perinatal surveillance data to identify demographic, behavioral and clinical variables associated with mother-to-child transmission of HIV in the U.S. and Puerto Rico. The following variables increased... Read More

Protease Inhibitor Use During Pregnancy and Preterm Delivery

Dec 07, 2011

Researchers in Africa found that women on protease inhibitor-based HAART had higher rates of preterm delivery than those women on a NRTI regimen. These infants, however, were not more likely to have longer hospitalizations or higher rates of mortality. Researchers believe... Read More

NIH Discontinues Tenofovir Vaginal Gel in VOICE Study

Dec 01, 2011

In a press release last week, the NIH announced it was discontinuing the Tenofovir vaginal gel arm of the VOICE HIV Prevention Study as it has not been shown to be effective in reducing HIV transmission over a placebo gel. This comes two months after the announcement of... Read More

Artificial Reproduction Techniques for Conception in Serodiscordant Couples

Nov 17, 2011

Serodiscordant couples in which the infected partner is the male have been successful in utilizing sperm washing in combination with other techniques such as intrauterine insemination (IUI) to reduce the risk of HIV transmission to the female partner during conception. A... Read More

Indeterminate Western Blots and Pregnancy

Nov 16, 2011

Researchers found that although a small percentage of women had indeterminate Western blots during their pregnancies, there were no standards of care for follow-up testing during pregnancy and postpartum. A small percentage of women seroconverted during pregnancy.... Read More

Updated Fact Sheet "HIV Among Women" Now Available

Aug 28, 2011

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recently updated the HIV Among Women fact sheet. This fact sheet provides information and statistics on diagnoses of HIV infection and AIDS in women. Prevention challenges and CDC programs that focus on women living with... Read More

Time to Pregnancy Among HIV-Infected Versus Uninfected Women

Aug 14, 2011

The Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS) looked at women with and without HIV involved in the project. Those that are HIV-positive are less likely to get pregnant than those that were HIV-negative. Further research is needed to determine if this is related to behavior or... Read More

Prevention of Perinatal HIV Among Injection Drug Users in the Ukraine

Aug 04, 2011

The Ukraine European Collaborative Study Group followed a cohort of women from 2000-2010 in seven HIV centers in the Ukraine. Comparison of injection drug users (IDUs) with non-IDU women showed lower rates of adherence to HAART, poorer clinical outcomes, and higher rates... Read More