Research & News

Low CD4 Count and Intrauterine Growth Retardation

Apr 16, 2009

A study in Thailand examined the association between HIV-related factors and the risk of intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR). Results demonstrated that low maternal CD4 cell count was associated with IUGR. Citation: Cailhol J, Jourdain G, Coeur SL, et al. Association... Read More

Responses of HIV-Positive Mothers to Knowledge of Infant Status

Apr 16, 2009

A study of South African mothers of HIV-positive and HIV-negative babies explored maternal responses to knowledge of infant's HIV status and identified common themes. Citation: Lazarus R, Struthers H, Violari A. Hopes, fears, knowledge and misunderstandings: responses of... Read More

Perinatal Depression in HIV-Infected Women

Apr 16, 2009

Study finds substantial rates of perinatal depression in HIV-infected women. Depression was associated with substance abuse, past history of psychiatric illness, low CD4 cell count, and difficulty with medication adherence. Citation: Kapetanovic S, Christensen S, Karim... Read More

Amniocentesis and Risk of Perinatal Transmission of HIV

Mar 03, 2009

A French study finds that amniocentesis did not increase mother-to-child transmission of HIV in mothers treated with highly active antiretroviral therapy. Citation:Mandelbrot L, Jasseron C, Ekoukou D, et al. Amniocentesis and mother-to-child human immunodeficiency virus... Read More

Pregnancy Outcomes in HIV Positive Women Taking Antiretroviral Drugs Prior to Conception

Feb 24, 2009

During the past decade, treatment for the prevention of vertical HIV transmission from mother to infant has incorporated the standard use of highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART). HAART involves a combination of three different types of antiretroviral drugs, as... Read More

Sexual Practices of HIV-positive Women

Feb 01, 2009

Study analyzes the sexual practices and thoughts around pregnancy of HIV-positive women of childbearing age. Study showed that the women actively pursued pregnancy through unprotected sex, and were not familiar with ways to reduce transmission to partner during attempts to... Read More

CDC Releases Enhanced Perinatal Surveillance Report

Jan 04, 2009

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have recently published a report of enhanced perinatal surveillance (EPS). The report includes data from 24 areas conducting EPS for live births during 2000 through 2003. Enhanced Perinatal Surveillance-Participating Areas in... Read More

American Academy of Pediatrics Clinical Report on Management of the HIV-Exposed Infant

Jan 04, 2009

The American Academy of Pediatrics released a clinical report on the evaluation and management of HIV-exposed infants in the United States. Citation:Havens PL, Mofenson LM; American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Pediatric AIDS. Evaluation and management of the infant... Read More

Early Antiretroviral Therapy Reduces Infant Mortality

Nov 19, 2008

Early diagnosis of HIV and early antiretroviral therapy reduced infant mortality and HIV progression in the Children with HIV Early Antiretroviral Therapy (CHER) trial. Citation: Violari A, Paed FC, Cotton MF, Gibb DM, Babiker AG, Steyn J, Madhi SA, Paed FC, Jean-Philippe... Read More

Beware the False-Positive Oral Fluid Rapid HIV Tests

Nov 17, 2008

In January 2004, New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (NYC DOHMH) STD clinics introduced anonymous, on-site rapid HIV testing of finger-stick whole-blood specimens using the OraQuick® brand test, one of six rapid HIV tests approved by the Food and Drug... Read More