Research & News

Updated Guidelines for HIV-Related Pediatric Care Now Available

Aug 27, 2009

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's recent Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) includes updated guidelines for the prevention and treatment of opportunistic infections in HIV-infected or HIV-exposed children. Click to access the new guidelines and the... Read More

Premasticated Food for Infants Potential HIV Risk

Aug 12, 2009

This study reviews three cases in the United States where perinatal transmission of HIV has been ruled out, but infants have been diagnosed with "late" HIV transmission. In each, case a parent or caregiver routinely fed premasticated food to the child and epidemiologically... Read More

Conception Options and Harm Reduction for HIV-affected Couples

Aug 12, 2009

As HIV-infected individuals live longer, healthier lives, many are eager to conceive children. This can pose numerous risks to both partners, whether sero-concordant or sero-discordant. Reproductive technologies such as sperm washing and artificial insemination are not... Read More

Patients Lost to Follow-up Have Worse HIV Outcomes

Aug 11, 2009

Among those patients who were lost to HIV care follow-up for at least one year, those who eventually returned to care show a higher risk of death than those who remained in care. Those returning to care showed lower CD4 counts and a higher number of AIDS-defining events.... Read More

HIV and Cesarean Delivery Post-operative Complications

Aug 11, 2009

This study compared rates of cesarean delivery post-operative complications for women with HIV and those without. Women with HIV were less likely to have an emergent cesarean delivery and to have ruptured membranes prior to delivery while having similar rates of post-... Read More

Patient HIV Testing Decision Making and Test Counseling Options

Aug 11, 2009

This randomized-controlled study looked at the rates of HIV testing and basic HIV knowledge in groups that received either standard HIV test counseling or abbreviated test counseling during prenatal care. Women that received abbreviated test counseling did not have a... Read More

Women's Opinions About Opt-Out HIV Testing

Aug 10, 2009

A cross-sectional survey of women showed that 90% agreed with routine HIV testing during pregnancy. Women also felt that HIV tests required additional information to be provided to the patient. Those that had not been screened for HIV during pregnancy were less likely to... Read More

Primary Care Pediatrician Management of HIV-Exposed Infant

Aug 06, 2009

This article addresses the ability of the primary care pediatrician to effectively manage the HIV-exposed infant. It encourages consultation with the infectious disease specialist but emphasizes that primary care providers are capable of caring for these infants in their... Read More

New Tool Available for Finding Local HIV Testing Sites

Aug 04, 2009

The CDC has launched a new online tool to find an HIV testing site near you. Click here for more information.

WHO May Change Guidelines on ARV for Breastfeeding Mothers

Jul 23, 2009

The World Health Organization (WHO) announced it may change its international guidelines for mothers taking antiretrovirals in light of data presented recently at the 2009 International AIDS Society conference in South Africa. The new data show evidence that HIV infection... Read More