Research & News

Strong Link Between Poverty and HIV Infection in U.S.

Jul 19, 2010

A new CDC study of low-income heterosexuals in America's inner cities shows that poverty is the most important demographic factor associated with HIV infection. The new analysis shows that 2.1 percent of heterosexuals living in high-poverty urban areas in the U.S. are... Read More

New HIV Test Approved

Jun 28, 2010

The FDA approved a new blood test that detects both HIV antigen and HIV antibodies. This allows, for the first time in the U.S., for the diagnosis of acute as well as chronic HIV infection. For more information, read the FDA press release.

Pregnancy Increases Risk for HIV Infection in Men

Jun 13, 2010

According to a first-ever study presented at the 2010 International Microbicides Conference, a man's risk of becoming infected with HIV doubles when his HIV-infected female partner becomes pregnant. The incidence of transmission from women to men was 1.6 outside of... Read More

Pregnancy Rates and Antiretroviral Therapy Access

May 27, 2010

This study looked at over 4500 women in Sub-Saharan Africa between 2003 and 2007. Analysis showed that use of ART was significantly associated with an increased likelihood of pregnancy in participants. Additionally the longer that the women were on ART the more likely... Read More

Conception Options for HIV Serodiscordant Couples

May 27, 2010

With more than 30 million people infected with HIV worldwide and the relatively recent advent of highly active antiretroviral therapies (HAART) resulting in much longer life expectancy for infected HIV patients, couples with either one or both partners infected by HIV (... Read More

Prevention of MTCT in Sub-Saharan Africa

May 26, 2010

Perinatal HIV transmission continues in large numbers in Sub-Saharan Africa. Challenges such as transmission through breastfeeding and slow implementation of alternative antiretroviral regimens contribute to the high rates. This article looks at these issues and what... Read More

Combination ARV Use During Pregnancy and Preterm Birth Risks

May 26, 2010

A review of women started on antiretroviral therapy including protease inhibitors (PI) during pregnancy showed no significant association between the use of PI and spontaneous preterm birth. Additionally, no association was found in those women who were on ARV prior to... Read More

Exposure to ARV In Utero and Neurological Development

May 26, 2010

Review of HIV-exposed, uninfected children that were exposed to ARV while in utero showed no significant difference in scores on some cognitive indices than those not exposed to ARV. Testing was done at two years of age and scores were controlled for demographics and... Read More

Safety of HAART for HIV-Positive Pregnant Women and Their Infants

Apr 22, 2010

When highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) is used in conjunction with appropriate labor management, the rate of vertical HIV transmission can be as low as <1%. While these strategies have been proven effective, the question of the safety of the pharmacologic... Read More

Hotline Participates in Association of Maternal Child Health Programs (AMCHP) 2010 Conference

Apr 22, 2010

The Illinois Perinatal HIV Hotline partnered with the National Perinatal HIV Consultation and Referral Service to present an oral session in early March at the AMCHP 2010 annual conference. The session focused on the role of state and national hotlines in preventing... Read More