Medical Information & Guidelines

The risk of mother to child transmission of HIV can be reduced to less than 1% with proper care and treatment during pregnancy, labor and the newborn period. However, the medical care of HIV-positive pregnant women is complex and unique. The 24/7 Illinois Perinatal HIV Hotline at 1-800-439-4079 is here to assist you with real-time expert medical consultation anytime day or night. Call for immediate up-to-date treatment information and assistance linking patients to care throughout Illinois.

If you are caring for a laboring pregnant HIV-positive woman, a woman with a positive rapid HIV test in labor or an HIV-exposed infant, see the Hotline's step-by-step recommendations for Illinois.

Clinical guidelines for the treatment of HIV/AIDS are continually reviewed and updated by experts in the field. The federal guidelines are made available by the U.S. Public Health Service at AIDSinfo. Sources of treatment information for perinatal HIV include the following:

Public Health Service Task Force Recommendations for Use of Antiretroviral Drugs in Pregnant HIV-1 Infected Women for Maternal Health and Interventions to Reduce Perinatal HIV Transmission in the United States

  • Federally approved guidelines for pre-conceptional, antepartum, intrapartum and postpartum care of pregnant women with HIV.

Guidelines for the Use of Antiretroviral Agents in Pediatric HIV Infection

  • Federally approved guidelines for the care of HIV-exposed and HIV-infected infants and children.