IL Law & Reporting

The Illinois Perinatal HIV Prevention Act was passed in August 2003 and amended in 2006 and 2007 (Public Law 95-702). Rules for this Act were promulgated, effective December 18, 2012, and can be found in the Perinatal HIV Prevention Code. The Act mandated the following:

  1. HIV counseling of all pregnant women
  2. Providers institute opt-out HIV testing in each pregnancy for all pregnant women
  3. HIV test results be documented in the maternal and newborn medical charts
  4. Rapid HIV tests be recommended on labor and delivery to women without a documented HIV status
  5. Mandatory HIV testing of newborns as soon as medically possible after birth if the mother’s HIV status is unknown
  6. Hospitals report preliminarily HIV positive women and/or infants to the 24/7 Illinois Perinatal HIV Hotline within 24 hours
  7. Hospitals submit monthly aggregate statistics that include the number of infected women who present with known HIV status, the number of pregnant women rapidly tested for HIV in L&D, the number of newborn infants rapidly tested for HIV, the number of preliminarily positive pregnant women and preliminarily HIV-exposed newborn infants identified and other information determined necessary
  8. Hospitals report cases of perinatal HIV exposure of newborns

For more information about rapid HIV testing of pregnant women in Illinois, click here.

For information regarding Illinois perinatal HIV prevention policy, click here.