Evidence to Support Repeat Third Trimester HIV Testing for Pregnant Women

The authors report on 3 cases of perinatal HIV infection in central Ohio. The mothers all had negative first trimester HIV test results and were not re-screened in the third trimester of pregnancy. All had risk factors for HIV infection of which they were unaware. The authors suggest considering the revision of current guidelines to recommend repeat third trimester testing for all pregnant women regardless of risk stratification.


Wallihan R, Koranyi K, Brady M. Perinatally human immunodeficiency virus-1 infected children born to low risk mothers who tested antibody negative during ppegnancy. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2009 Nov 20.

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