Bacterial Vaginosis May Increase Risk for Perinatal HIV Transmission

Researchers from a microbicide trial studied vaginal microbiota of HIV-infected women, both those who transmitted HIV to their infants and those who did not. Alterations of several species of bacteria were more common in those women who transmitted HIV to their infants. Further research needs to be done to determine the best ways to modify this risk for transmission.

Frank DN, Manigart O, Leroy V, Meda N, Valea D, Zhang W, Dabis F, Pace NR, Van de Perre P, Janoff EN. Altered vaginal microbiota are associated with perinatal mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Africa women from Burkina Faso. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2012 Jul 1;60(3):299-306.

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