Research & News

Disparity in Utilization of Rapid HIV Testing for Women in Labor

May 17, 2009

Study finds low compliance with rapid HIV testing for women with unknown HIV status and socioeconomic disparities in testing practices. Citation:Gaur S, Whitley-Williams P, Flash C, Jimenez E, Petrova A. Disparity in hospital utilization of rapid HIV-1 testing for women in... Read More

ART In Utero and Fetal Anomalies

May 16, 2009

A significant national study in the UK and Ireland found that HIV-positive women treated with ART during pregnancy had no increased risk of fetal anomalies regardless of the trimester in which fetal exposure occurred. Citation: Townsend CL, Willey BA, Cortina-Borja M,... Read More

Benefits of Early Initiation of Antiretroviral Therapy

Apr 19, 2009

Study finds improved survival in patients receiving early antiretroviral therapy as compared to those in the deferred therapy group. Citation: Kitahata MM, Gange SJ, Abraham AG, et al. Effect of early versus deferred antiretroviral therapy for HIV on survival. N Engl J... Read More

Antiretroviral Medications During Pregnancy

Apr 19, 2009

Article summarizes recent studies examining the safety of antiretroviral medications for mother, fetus and child. Citation: Stek AM. Antiretroviral medications during pregnancy for therapy or prophylaxis. Curr HIV/AIDS Rep. 2009 May;6(2):68-76.Abstract

Low CD4 Count and Intrauterine Growth Retardation

Apr 16, 2009

A study in Thailand examined the association between HIV-related factors and the risk of intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR). Results demonstrated that low maternal CD4 cell count was associated with IUGR. Citation: Cailhol J, Jourdain G, Coeur SL, et al. Association... Read More

Responses of HIV-Positive Mothers to Knowledge of Infant Status

Apr 16, 2009

A study of South African mothers of HIV-positive and HIV-negative babies explored maternal responses to knowledge of infant's HIV status and identified common themes. Citation: Lazarus R, Struthers H, Violari A. Hopes, fears, knowledge and misunderstandings: responses of... Read More

Perinatal Depression in HIV-Infected Women

Apr 16, 2009

Study finds substantial rates of perinatal depression in HIV-infected women. Depression was associated with substance abuse, past history of psychiatric illness, low CD4 cell count, and difficulty with medication adherence. Citation: Kapetanovic S, Christensen S, Karim... Read More

Amniocentesis and Risk of Perinatal Transmission of HIV

Mar 03, 2009

A French study finds that amniocentesis did not increase mother-to-child transmission of HIV in mothers treated with highly active antiretroviral therapy. Citation:Mandelbrot L, Jasseron C, Ekoukou D, et al. Amniocentesis and mother-to-child human immunodeficiency virus... Read More

Pregnancy Outcomes in HIV Positive Women Taking Antiretroviral Drugs Prior to Conception

Feb 24, 2009

During the past decade, treatment for the prevention of vertical HIV transmission from mother to infant has incorporated the standard use of highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART). HAART involves a combination of three different types of antiretroviral drugs, as... Read More

Sexual Practices of HIV-positive Women

Feb 01, 2009

Study analyzes the sexual practices and thoughts around pregnancy of HIV-positive women of childbearing age. Study showed that the women actively pursued pregnancy through unprotected sex, and were not familiar with ways to reduce transmission to partner during attempts to... Read More