Research & News

Women's Opinions About Opt-Out HIV Testing

Aug 10, 2009

A cross-sectional survey of women showed that 90% agreed with routine HIV testing during pregnancy. Women also felt that HIV tests required additional information to be provided to the patient. Those that had not been screened for HIV during pregnancy were less likely to... Read More

Primary Care Pediatrician Management of HIV-Exposed Infant

Aug 06, 2009

This article addresses the ability of the primary care pediatrician to effectively manage the HIV-exposed infant. It encourages consultation with the infectious disease specialist but emphasizes that primary care providers are capable of caring for these infants in their... Read More

New Tool Available for Finding Local HIV Testing Sites

Aug 04, 2009

The CDC has launched a new online tool to find an HIV testing site near you. Click here for more information.

WHO May Change Guidelines on ARV for Breastfeeding Mothers

Jul 23, 2009

The World Health Organization (WHO) announced it may change its international guidelines for mothers taking antiretrovirals in light of data presented recently at the 2009 International AIDS Society conference in South Africa. The new data show evidence that HIV infection... Read More

Postpartum HIV Treatment Discontinuation and Maternal Outcomes

Jul 05, 2009

Though the use of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) during pregnancy has significantly contributed to decreased rates of mother to child transmission of HIV, the question of whether HAART should be routinely continued in HIV-infected mothers after delivery has... Read More

CDC Releases Guidelines for Pregnant Women and Novel Influenza A (H1N1)

Jun 29, 2009

The CDC has released guidelines for pregnant women, including those who are HIV-positive, and novel influenza A (H1N1). The guidelines recommend the use of oseltamivir (Tamiflu) for pregnant women with confirmed, probable or suspected cases of novel influenza A (H1N1)... Read More

Effects of Antiretroviral Treatment Interruption During Pregnancy

Jun 21, 2009

A recent study finds that discontinuing antiretroviral treatment during either the first or third trimesters of pregnancy increases the rate of mother-to-child transmission of HIV. Citation: Galli L, Puliti D, Chiappini E, Gabiano C, Ferraris G, Mignone F, Viganò A,... Read More

Update on Progress Regarding Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV

Jun 11, 2009

A recent article describes the successes and challenges of preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV. Progress in both resource-rich and resource-limited countries is examined. Citation:Paintsil E, Andiman WA. Update on successes and challenges regarding mother-to-... Read More

Lopinavir/r Safe For Use During Pregnancy

May 18, 2009

A recent study finds no difference in the prevalence of birth defects among infants prenatally exposed to lopinavir/ritonavir and infants in comparison groups. These data provide additional assurance about the safety of lopinavir/ritonavir in the treatment of pregnant HIV-... Read More

Nevirapine and Risk of Hepatotoxicity

May 18, 2009

Research shows that use of nevirapine for prophylaxis for two weeks or more increases rates of hepatotoxicity for individuals without HIV and HIV-positive pregnant women. Less hepatotoxicity was found in short course use of the drug, thus duration of therapy significantly... Read More