Research & News

Hotline Participates in CDC National HIV Prevention Conference

Sep 01, 2009

Hotline staff recently presented two posters at the CDC's 2009 National HIV Prevention Conference in Atlanta, Georgia. The posters demonstrated improvements in perinatal HIV testing in Illinois and ethnoracial and prenatal care differences in women presenting with positive... Read More

In Utero Infections Linked with Increased Risk of Nevirapine Resistance

Aug 30, 2009

A recent study of Ugandan infants revealed that in utero HIV infection was the only factor associated with nevirapine resistance detected in infants 6-8 weeks after sdNVP exposure. Citation: Church JD, Mwatha A, Bagenda D, Omer SB, Donnell D, Musoke P, Nakabiito C, Eure... Read More

Resistance to Antiretrovirals in HIV-Infected Pregnant Women

Aug 30, 2009

In a study to determine the prevalence of resistance to ARV prior to treatment and its effect on the pregnancy outcome, investigators found that resistance to antiretrovirals was common in antiretroviral-experienced patients, but not in naive women. The study's findings of... Read More

Rapid HIV Testing is Feasible and Provides Faster Results Than Conventional Testing

Aug 27, 2009

The Mother-Infant Rapid Intervention at Delivery (MIRIAD) study demonstrated that women overwhelmingly accepted testing, and rapid HIV testing provided faster results than conventional testing with point-of-care rapid testing providing the fastest results. Citation:... Read More

Updated Guidelines for HIV-Related Pediatric Care Now Available

Aug 27, 2009

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's recent Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) includes updated guidelines for the prevention and treatment of opportunistic infections in HIV-infected or HIV-exposed children. Click to access the new guidelines and the... Read More

Premasticated Food for Infants Potential HIV Risk

Aug 12, 2009

This study reviews three cases in the United States where perinatal transmission of HIV has been ruled out, but infants have been diagnosed with "late" HIV transmission. In each, case a parent or caregiver routinely fed premasticated food to the child and epidemiologically... Read More

Conception Options and Harm Reduction for HIV-affected Couples

Aug 12, 2009

As HIV-infected individuals live longer, healthier lives, many are eager to conceive children. This can pose numerous risks to both partners, whether sero-concordant or sero-discordant. Reproductive technologies such as sperm washing and artificial insemination are not... Read More

Patients Lost to Follow-up Have Worse HIV Outcomes

Aug 11, 2009

Among those patients who were lost to HIV care follow-up for at least one year, those who eventually returned to care show a higher risk of death than those who remained in care. Those returning to care showed lower CD4 counts and a higher number of AIDS-defining events.... Read More

HIV and Cesarean Delivery Post-operative Complications

Aug 11, 2009

This study compared rates of cesarean delivery post-operative complications for women with HIV and those without. Women with HIV were less likely to have an emergent cesarean delivery and to have ruptured membranes prior to delivery while having similar rates of post-... Read More

Patient HIV Testing Decision Making and Test Counseling Options

Aug 11, 2009

This randomized-controlled study looked at the rates of HIV testing and basic HIV knowledge in groups that received either standard HIV test counseling or abbreviated test counseling during prenatal care. Women that received abbreviated test counseling did not have a... Read More