Research & News

Opt-Out HIV Testing in EDs - Effective?

Sep 08, 2010

Diagnostic HIV testing was compared to nontargeted opt-out rapid HIV testing in an emergency department. Approximately 75% of ED patients declined HIV testing when offered. Of those identified to have a new HIV diagnosis, slightly more were identified through opt-out... Read More

Pre-exposure Prophylaxis Among Serodiscordant Couples

Sep 08, 2010

This commentary proposes the use of periconception pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) in preventing HIV transmission between serodiscordant couples interested in conceiving. While methods such as artificial insemination and sperm washing are alternatives, these are not... Read More

Lopinavir/Ritonavir and Dosing During Pregnancy

Aug 23, 2010

Although recommended as the preferred protease inhibitor for antiretroviral therapy during pregnancy, optimal dosing for Lopinavir/Ritonavir has not been provided in the guidelines. This study looked at providing an increased dose (3 tablets daily versus two) during the... Read More

How Often Does HIV Vaccine Trial Participation Produce False-Positive Results?

Aug 18, 2010

The continuation of HIV vaccine trials have raised the question of the frequency of vaccine-induced seropositivity (VISP) as a result of participation in the trials. This study found that 42% of study participants had VISP but were truly HIV-seronegative. The rates of... Read More

Strong Link Between Poverty and HIV Infection in U.S.

Jul 19, 2010

A new CDC study of low-income heterosexuals in America's inner cities shows that poverty is the most important demographic factor associated with HIV infection. The new analysis shows that 2.1 percent of heterosexuals living in high-poverty urban areas in the U.S. are... Read More

New HIV Test Approved

Jun 28, 2010

The FDA approved a new blood test that detects both HIV antigen and HIV antibodies. This allows, for the first time in the U.S., for the diagnosis of acute as well as chronic HIV infection. For more information, read the FDA press release.

Pregnancy Increases Risk for HIV Infection in Men

Jun 13, 2010

According to a first-ever study presented at the 2010 International Microbicides Conference, a man's risk of becoming infected with HIV doubles when his HIV-infected female partner becomes pregnant. The incidence of transmission from women to men was 1.6 outside of... Read More

Pregnancy Rates and Antiretroviral Therapy Access

May 27, 2010

This study looked at over 4500 women in Sub-Saharan Africa between 2003 and 2007. Analysis showed that use of ART was significantly associated with an increased likelihood of pregnancy in participants. Additionally the longer that the women were on ART the more likely... Read More

Conception Options for HIV Serodiscordant Couples

May 27, 2010

With more than 30 million people infected with HIV worldwide and the relatively recent advent of highly active antiretroviral therapies (HAART) resulting in much longer life expectancy for infected HIV patients, couples with either one or both partners infected by HIV (... Read More

Prevention of MTCT in Sub-Saharan Africa

May 26, 2010

Perinatal HIV transmission continues in large numbers in Sub-Saharan Africa. Challenges such as transmission through breastfeeding and slow implementation of alternative antiretroviral regimens contribute to the high rates. This article looks at these issues and what... Read More