Research & News

New ACOG Bulletin on Gynecological Care for Women with HIV

Nov 22, 2010

The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists has issued a new practice bulletin for the gynecological care of women with HIV. The document educates clinicians about routine HIV screening practices, women's health screening and care, family planning and... Read More

A Comprehensive Approach to Preventing MTCT of HIV

Nov 15, 2010

The Journal of Public Health Management Practice features a recent issue with articles from the New York State Department of Health describing the programs and policies that have led to a significant reduction in perinatal transmission of HIV in that state. See below to... Read More

New Studies Impact Treatment for HIV-Infected Women and Infants

Oct 24, 2010

Two studies appearing in the New England Journal of Medicine demonstrate that single dose nevirapine used to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV hampers the effectiveness of nevirapine when later used as part of a regimen to treat these same patients. These studies... Read More

Antiretroviral Therapies in Women After Exposure to Nevirapine

Oct 23, 2010

Only one in three HIV positive pregnant women worldwide receives antiretroviral drugs to prevent mother-to-child transmission. The most frequently used prophylactic medication in resource-limited settings for these women is nevirapine, which is typically administered in a... Read More

Mode of Delivery and Infant Respiratory Morbidity

Oct 05, 2010

A study examining the risk of infant respiratory morbidity associated with cesarean delivery before labor and rupture of membranes in HIV-infected women found low rates of respiratory distress syndrome. The authors conclude there is minimal neonatal respiratory morbidity... Read More

Postpartum HIV Care for Women in Mississippi

Oct 04, 2010

A study of HIV-infected pregnant women in Mississippi found only 37% had two or more visits with an HIV specialist in the year following delivery. Women who presented before the third trimester of pregnancy had better follow-up rates than those with late trimester... Read More

Missed Opportunities in Perinatal HIV Prevention

Sep 30, 2010

The Enhanced Perinatal Surveillance (EPS) data collected in 10 states and 5 cities from 2005-2008 showed a number of missed opportunities for prevention of transmission of HIV from mom to baby. Overall, 60% of women did not receive all the recommended interventions to... Read More

The Intersection of HIV and Maternal Mortality

Sep 14, 2010

Worldwide, the top two causes of death in women of reproductive age are HIV/AIDS and complications related to pregnancy. Respectively, these account for 19 and 15 percent of all deaths in women aged 15-44 years. Though the majority of women survive for many years after... Read More

Risk Factors for Detectable HIV-1 RNA at Delivery

Sep 14, 2010

In the United States, more than 6000 women with HIV become pregnant each year. Numerous interventions have been put into place which can decrease the risk of newborn HIV infection to less than one percent for many patients. The Women and Infants Transmission Study (WITS)... Read More

Effective Microbicide to Prevent HIV Transmission

Sep 09, 2010

The CAPRISA 004 trial in South Africa found that the use of tenofovir gel, a microbicide, by women prior to and after sex led to a decrease in HIV transmission. Women were followed for 30 months. Those with a high adherence rate to gel usage showed a 54% reduction in HIV... Read More