Research & News

Perspective of the National Perinatal HIV Hotline

Jul 19, 2011

The National Perinatal HIV Hotline fields calls from practitioners across the country on such topics as HIV testing during pregnancy, antepartum ARV regimens, and interactions of hormonal contraceptives and HIV medications. This hotline is a free, 24/7 service for... Read More

Antenatal Triple Therapy and Pregnancy Outcomes in Africa

Jul 16, 2011

The DREAM centers in Mozambique and Malawi looked at the administration of nevirapine-based ART triple therapy during pregnancy and adverse pregnancy outcomes. Women on triple therapy showed lower rates of maternal mortality, abortion/stillbirth, and prematurity than those... Read More

Prevention of Perinatal HIV with HAART in Low Resource Settings

Jul 14, 2011

Researchers in Nigeria found that women treated with just nevirapine at labor ('untreated group") had worse pregnancy outcomes than those treated with HAART during the pregnancy, including higher incidence of IUGR, admission to neonatal intensive care unit, and lowere Apgar... Read More

CDC announces success with PrEP for prevention of HIV in heterosexuals

Jul 13, 2011

Current studies in Africa (CDC TDF2 and Partners PrEP) have shown that a daily dose of antiretrovirals can reduce the level of HIV infection amongst those that are currently uninfected. This use of medication by the uninfected is called pre-exposure prophylaxis, or PrEP.... Read More

Depression in HIV-Infected Women and Vertical Transmission

Jul 05, 2011 study compared perinatal depression in HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected, high-risk women. Depression symptoms were common in both groups and linked closely to depression prior to conception and substance abuse during pregnancy. It... Read More

Case Studies Supporting Third Trimester HIV Screening

Jun 30, 2011

This article presents three case studies in which women had negative HIV tests during regular first trimester screening but were later diagnosed as HIV-positive after delivery. Two of the three infants were also HIV-positive. As all three women were not considered to be... Read More

ARV Use During Pregnancy and Birth Defects

Jun 30, 2011

Researchers looked at birth defect rates among participants in the PACTG 316 trial. Those who initiated ARV use during the first trimester of pregnancy were no more likely to have infants with birth defects than those who initiated ARV treatment during second or third... Read More

Updated Online Guide for HIV/AIDS Clinical Care Now Available

Jun 26, 2011

The Health Research and Services Administration (HRSA) published an updated Guide for HIV/AIDS Clinical Care. This manual gives HIV/AIDS clinicians practical medical information regarding the treatment of HIV/AIDS including HIV in pregnancy.

Ethics of Opt-Out HIV Testing in Pregnancy

Jun 02, 2011

Opt-out HIV testing in pregnancy may involve situations of coercion that can be at odds with women's reproductive rights. Experts and practitioners need to review the counseling and testing strategies to determine the best way to ethically test for HIV in pregnancy.... Read More

Cost-Effectiveness of Directly Observed Therapy for Perinatal HIV Prevention

May 31, 2011

Researchers used mathematical modeling to analyze the effect of women on self-administered HAART versus HAART using directly observed therapy (DOT) versus no HAART on quality of life of their infants. DOT was overall highly cost-effective in reducing mother-to-child... Read More