Research & News

HIV-Positive Women and Pregnancy Planning

Feb 21, 2014

Women participating in the HOPES study were asked about their pregnancy desires using a scale comparing unplanned/ambivalent pregnancy versus planned pregnancy.  In this multisite cohort, 23% of women had an unplanned pregnancy, 58% were ambivalent about their pregnancy,... Read More

HIV-Positive Women in the US and Unplanned Pregnancies

Feb 21, 2014

Through use of logistic regression, researchers found that unplanned pregnancies were common among HIV-positive women in care.  They were more likely among those with a low viral load as well as those who had received public assistance in the year prior to their... Read More

Pregnant Women on Medicaid and ARV Use

Feb 21, 2014

In an analysis of Medicaid data, 21% of pregnant HIV-positive women did not have any records of ARV medication dispensing during pregnancy in the period between 2000-2007.  Women who had limited use of health care services were the least likely to have ARV medications. ... Read More

Updated Pediatric Guidelines

Feb 12, 2014

The Panel on Antiretroviral Therapy and Medical Management of HIV-Infected Children (the Panel) recently updated the November 1, 2012, Guidelines for the Use of Antiretroviral Agents in Pediatric HIV Infection. Key changes include: Considerations for HIV infection... Read More

Using Financial Incentives to Motivate Perinatally-Infected Youth to Adhere to Medications

Feb 06, 2014

Past research has shown that financial incentives are effective in improving adherence to medication regimines.  Researchers tested this technique with adolescents who were perinatally-infected with HIV and have had poor adherence in the past.  The pilot project showed that... Read More

Current Progress in Prevention of Mother-To-Child Transmission

Feb 06, 2014

Recent work as a result of a global push from the United Nations has seen reductions of perinatal transmission rates, as well as overall improvement in maternal health.  Continued work, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa, is needed to meet the global elimination target of... Read More

New HIV Testing Algorithm and Detection of Acute HIV

Jan 31, 2014

The MMWR reported in its June 21, 2013 issue about a new testing algorithm evaluated in an ED and other sites to determine effectiveness of HIV detection, especially in cases of acute HIV infection.  Whereas traditional testing algorithms may miss cases of acute HIV due to ... Read More

HIV Treatment for Women Following Jail Release

Jan 31, 2014

Researchers from a multicenter study found distinct differences in HIV treatment following release from jail for men versus women.  Women were more likely to have less optimal treatment outcomes such as medication adherence and attendance at medical visits.  Women were also... Read More

Perinatal HIV Transmission Risk From Hepatitis B Coinfection?

Jan 30, 2014

Hepatitis B is a health concern in India.  Authors explored the impact of Hepatitis B coinfection on the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in India.  While the prevalence of coinfections was almost 5%, coinfection did not seem to be linked with perinatal HIV... Read More

Rapid Point-of-Care HIV Tests versus Lab Tests

Dec 31, 2013

Researchers looked at the varied performace of rapid point-of-care HIV tests versus traditional laboratory testing in detecting both new/acute and established HIV infections.  While some rapid tests were found to perform well, oral fluid rapid tests were found to have less... Read More