Research/News - 2012

Review of ARV Adherence During and After Pregnancy

Nov 08, 2012

Researchers conducted a meta-analysis of studies related to HIV-infected pregnant women. Across socioeconomic strata, only 73.5% of women had ideal adherence to ARVs while pregnant. Reaching ideal levels was even harder postpartum than during pregnancy. Further research... Read More

Contraception for HIV-Positive Women

Nov 08, 2012

Preconceptive care is a vital part of caring for HIV-positive women of childbearing age. Due to the advances in HIV care and the prevention of perinatal transmission, more and more HIV-positive women are desiring to have children. Due to a high rate of unintended... Read More

Ruptured Membranes and Perinatal HIV Transmission Risk

Nov 08, 2012

A prospective study showed that perinatal HIV transmission rates were slightly higher in women who had ruptured membranes for four hours or more (1.9% versus 1% in women with less than 4 hours of rupture). Of the women in the cohort with viral loads less than 1000 copies/... Read More

HIV Screening in Emergency Depts

Oct 15, 2012

While HIV screening of all persons ages 18-64 in 29 French Emergency Departments (EDs) identified some new diagnoses, the majority were high risk patients often late in the disease progression. The researchers felt these results were not enough to justify blanket... Read More

Adolescent HIV Infection and Increased Perinatal Transmission

Sep 30, 2012

A review of HIV-positive infants at an urban referral center documented four cases of perinatal transmission where the mother was an adolescent who tested HIV-negative during pregnancy.  These cases provide support for repeat third trimester HIV testing, especially in... Read More

A Framework to Eliminate HIV MTCT

Sep 11, 2012

In the current issue of Pediatrics, the CDC describes in detail its framework for elimination of perinatal HIV in the United States. The CDC presents a model by which elimination efforts can be coordinated, beginning with comprehensive reproductive health care and real-time... Read More

HAART and Rates of Preterm Delivery

Sep 06, 2012

Authors performed a retrospective cohort study in Spain comparing HIV-infected pregnant women and timing of delivery. The rate of preterm delivery (before 37.0 weeks) was twice as high in HIV-infected women (19.7%) as non HIV-infected women (8.5%). The use of HARRT during... Read More

Opt-Out HIV Screening in Emergency Departments

Sep 06, 2012

Researchers found individuals were more likely to accept HIV screening in an urban emergency department when the screening was offered using an opt-out consent than when the screening was offered using an opt-in consent. This stayed the same after contraolling for... Read More

HIV in Extremely Low Birth Weight Infants

Sep 06, 2012

Researchers studied a cohort of extremely low birth weight infants born in South Africa. HIV transmission rates were only 2.7% despite the increased risk. Use of pasteurized breast milk, infant ARVs and a high cesarean section rate were thought to contribute to the low... Read More

Women and HIV

Sep 05, 2012

The author reviewed available research and guidelines related to HIV and women. More data is needed focused on women and the specific biological interaction that pregnancy and post-childbirth may have on HIV treatments. Research also needs to look at social and cultural... Read More