Research/News - 2012

Influence of Ruptured Membranes on Perinatal HIV Transmission

Nov 15, 2012

A retrospective case study found no association between the duration of rupture of membranes prior to delivery, mode of delivery (vaginal versus c-section) and perinatal transmission of HIV. All women surveyed froma medical center in Toronto, Canada had viral loads under 1... Read More

Childbearing Desires and HIV Among Urban Female Youth

Nov 15, 2012

HIV-positive female youth demonstrated equal desire to have children as their HIV-negative counterparts. Providers that work with urban youth need to include discussions around childbearing to reduce the risk of unintended pregnancies and HIV transmission among this... Read More

Contraceptive Use for HIV-Positive Women

Nov 15, 2012

A longitudinal study examined contraceptive use of both HIV-positive and HIV-negative women over time (1998-2010). Researchers found that there was little change in the usage rates of condoms, the dominant form of contraception for HIV-positive women. HIV-negative women... Read More

An HIV-Free Generation

Nov 14, 2012

As a result of the call for elimination of pediatric HIV by 2015, a number of questions must be addressed. Countries must look at their services gaps and barriers to implementation. Worldwide, countries must be able to continue these efforts through locally-led programs... Read More

SGA Births in HIV-Positive Women

Nov 14, 2012

Researchers in the US found that in HIV-positive women who gave birth to infants that weighed under the 10th percentile, the use of ARTs during pregnancy was not associated with smaller size. Instead, the HIV disease itself was mostly likely to influence growth after... Read More

Serodiscordant Couples, ARVs and Safe Conception

Nov 14, 2012

For HIV-serodiscordant couples who want to conceive through intercourse, the use of antiretroviral therapy for the HIV-infected partner and pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for the HIV-negative partner combined with careful supervision by a medical provider can be a useful... Read More

Condom Use and Conception for HIV-Positive Women

Nov 14, 2012

In in-depth interviews, researchers found that of HIV-positive women in care for their HIV, only 25% had discussed reproduction and childbearing plans with their medical providers. These women realized the potential risks for themselves and their partners, but had not... Read More

Assisted Reproduction Desires of HIV-Positive Women

Nov 14, 2012

Researchers surveyed 500 HIV-positive women in Ontario, Canada regarding their needs, wants, and knowledge around assisted reproduction. Overall, women were interested in obtaining information on ART and pregnancy planning in general but the majority of participants felt... Read More

Sexual Practices Among Perinatally-Infected, HIV-Positive Youth

Nov 14, 2012

The Pediatric HIV/AIDS Cohort Study found that youth perinatally-infected with HIV reported high rates of unprotected sex (62% of sexually active youth ages 10-18). Non-adherence to ARVs was found to be associated with sexual activity. These youth often have drug... Read More

Contraception for HIV-Positive Women

Nov 08, 2012

Preconceptive care is a vital part of caring for HIV-positive women of childbearing age. Due to the advances in HIV care and the prevention of perinatal transmission, more and more HIV-positive women are desiring to have children. Due to a high rate of unintended... Read More