Research/News - 2012

Hearing Loss in HIV-Infected and HIV-Exposed Children

Dec 20, 2012

Both children that were perinatally-infected with HIV and exposed to HIV in utero were more likely to develop hearing loss than the general population in the US. Severity of HIV infection increased the risk of hearing loss in those HIV-positive children.   Citation: Torre... Read More

HAART and Adverse Birth Outcomes in Botswana

Dec 20, 2012

Researchers found that use of HAART for HIV control during pregnancy was associated with higher rates of adverse birth outcomes than the use of AZT alone. Women on HAART had higher rates of preterm delivery (PTD), small for gestational age births (SGAs), and stillbirth.... Read More

HIV Screening by OB-GYNs - What Influences It?

Dec 20, 2012

Researchers surveyed ACOG Fellows to determine rates of HIV testing among patient populations. Respondents reported almost universal levels of recommendation of HIV testing to pregnant women, however low levels of repeat third trimester recommendations. Practitioners were... Read More

Pregnancy in Perinatally-Infected HIV-Positive Women

Dec 19, 2012

While we know that children perinatally-infected with HIV are surviving past childhood and into adulthood thanks to advances in medicine, there is a lack of information about pregnancies in the female portion of this population. These women have potentially had long... Read More

ART Adherence in Pregnancy: A Meta-Analysis

Dec 19, 2012

Researchers found that many barriers and challenges prevent women from being optimally adherent to antiretroviral therapy during and especially after pregnancy. Interventions are needed worldwide to address this issue to decrease perinatal transmission rates. Citation:... Read More

HIV Screening in US Hospitals

Dec 19, 2012

Authors surveyed hospitals across the US and found that over 90% of respondents offered HIV tests for patients, however only 27% screened for HIV, most often in labor and delivery departments. The CDC recommends all individuals ages 13-64 be screened for HIV in a health... Read More

Pregnancy in HIV-Positive Women in the UK

Dec 19, 2012

Researchers found that more women sought out HIV care and became pregnant over time in their national cohorts. Older women were less likely to get pregnant, as well as those with CD4 counts less than 200 cells/mm. Authors recommend an increase in medical care for HIV-... Read More

MMWR: HIV Among Youths in US

Dec 19, 2012

The CDC has determined that a large amount of new HIV infections are among youth, who also have low rates of HIV testing. Over 25% of new infections in 2010 were youth under the age of 25. Minority youth have higher rates of new infections than whites. Citation:... Read More

Use of Efavirenz in Women of Childbearing Age - Risks and Benefits

Dec 06, 2012

Researchers in the Ivory Coast found that the benefit of significantly increased life expectancy for positive women vastly outweighed the slight increase in birth defects among the infants whose mothers were treated with ART containing efavirenz during pregnancy compared... Read More Produces 30 Years of HIV/AIDS Timeline

Nov 30, 2012

Continuing to mark the 30th anniversary of the HIV/AIDS epidemic, the US Department of Health and Human Services' has produced a comprehensive timeline of how far we've come. Click here to access the timeline.