Correlates of MTCT of HIV

A recent article published in the journal Pediatrics examines enhanced perinatal surveillance data to identify demographic, behavioral and clinical variables associated with mother-to-child transmission of HIV in the U.S. and Puerto Rico. The following variables increased the odds of having an HIV-infected infant: late maternal HIV testing, no prenatal antiretroviral (ARV) medication, breastfeeding, maternal CD4 counts <200 cells per microliter, and maternal substance abuse.

Whitmore SK, Taylor AW, Espinoza L, Shouse RL, Lampe MA, Nesheim S. Correlates of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in the United States and Puerto Rico. Pediatrics. 2011 Dec 5. [Epub ahead of print]

Original Article (subscription may be required)