What are the advantages of a rapid test in labor and delivery?

A rapid test in the labor and delivery setting offers several advantages. Firstly, rapid testing identifies a woman as preliminarily HIV positive before she leaves labor and delivery. This allows for confirmatory testing and for her to be linked with care assuring appropriate follow up. Furthermore, the sooner an HIV infection is identified and a woman is linked to care the greater the chance she will have an undetectable viral load at delivery increasing the chance her baby will be HIV negative.