Is there a risk for transmission if the woman is negative for HIV and the partner is living with HIV?

If a woman is negative for HIV and her partner is living with HIV, there is no risk of perinatal transmission to the baby. However, pregnant women are at an increased risk for HIV infection and a woman who acquires HIV while pregnant has a greater chance of transmitting the virus to her baby. HIV-negative women in a sero-different relationship should seek counseling on the multiple measures that can be taken to prevent infection, including ensuring her partner keeps their virus suppressed by taking medications, taking a medication called pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), and consistently using condoms with each episode of intercourse. Because of the ongoing risk of HIV infection, all women in Illinois are required to be counseled and offered an HIV test both at the initial prenatal visit and again in their third trimester of pregnancy.