Research/News - 2013

Risk of Perinatal HIV Transmission Increased with Presence of Co-Infections

Jan 31, 2013

Co-infections, such as herpes or Hepatitis B, can increase the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV by activating agents that enhance HIV replication.  Careful screening and treatment of these co-infections can contribute to a decrease in perinatal HIV worldwide.  ... Read More

Exposure to HIV and Effects on Language in Children

Jan 03, 2013

Researchers from the Pediatric HIV/AIDS Cohort Study found that those children exposed to HIV in-utero are at risk for language delay. As a result, researchers found that even though they don't show language delays, HIV-exposed infants benefit from regular language... Read More

Safety of Use of Efavirenz During Pregnancy - Meta-Analysis Update

Jan 03, 2013

Researchers updated a meta-analysis of the risk of birth defects from efavirenz use during pregnancy to be current through July 2011. Relative risk of birth defects for those women on efavirenz-included therapy versus those not using efavirenz was 0.85. The incidence of... Read More

Premastication and Perinatal HIV Transmission

Jan 02, 2013

As premastication of food for infants has been shown to result in HIV transmission, researchers studied late diagnoses of pediatric HIV to determine if premastication occurred in any of these cases. It was more of a common practice than realized among HIV-positive... Read More

PrEP and Timed Intercourse for HIV Serodiscordant Couples

Jan 02, 2013

Researchers found that in 53 cases where the HIV-positive partner was virally supressed, the use of PrEP and timed intercourse was successful in achieving pregnancy at a rate of 75%. This research suggests further studies are needed in resource limited areas to determine... Read More