Research/News - 2011

Effectiveness and Safety of Assisted Reproduction for Serodiscordant Couples

Jul 31, 2011

Researchers reviewed numerous study databases to deterimine the efficacy and safety of assisted reproduction (including intrauterine insemination and intracytoplasmic injection, both post-sperm washing) to achieve pregnancy amongst serodiscordant couples where the man was... Read More

ARVs and Impact on HIV-Exposed Uninfected Children

Jul 31, 2011

Recommendations for ARV use during pregnancy and breastfeeding in low resource settings has created a large population of HIV-exposed and ARV -exposed children. While the positive impact of prevention of perinatal HIV through use of ARVs is obvious, and short-term impacts... Read More

In Utero Exposure to HAART and Subsequent Cardiac Effects

Jul 31, 2011

The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute CHAART-1 study found that in utero exposure to antiretroviral therapy to prevent perinatal HIV transmission had lasting outcome on HIV-negative infants, including impairment of myocardial growth among others. These findings... Read More

HIV Management During Pregnancy

Jul 31, 2011

Providers must consider preconception counseling to prevent pregnancy, early diagnosis in pregnancy for those women that are infected with HIV, impact of antiretrovirals in terms of toxicity on mother and fetus, possible drug resistance, and co-infections among other issues... Read More

Recent HIV Infection Associated with In-Utero HIV Transmission

Jul 30, 2011

Using mathematical modeling, women in Malawi who were determined to be recently infected with HIV were almost three times as likely to see in-utero HIV transmission than those who had been infected for longer periods of time. Transmission rates were 17.8% for recently... Read More

Awareness of Prechewing Food by HIV-Infected Women

Jul 29, 2011

Prechewing of food by an HIV-positive individual before providing it to an infant is a risk factor for HIV transmission. Reasearchers in three Latin American countries found that over a third of HIV-positive women were aware of prechewing or prewarming food for infants -... Read More

Education of Prenatal Providers Helps to Improve HIV Testing Rates

Jul 27, 2011

Authors found that targeting and tailoring education to different types of prenatal providers in a specific clinic increased prenatal HIV testing from approximately 79% to over 94%, matching testing rates of other conditions such as gestational diabetes. Auditing and... Read More

Family Planning for HIV-Positive Women

Jul 26, 2011

As unintended pregnancy rates can be as high as 58% in areas of high HIV prevalence in low resource settings, it is important to integrate HIV and family planning services to help reduce poor outcomes for mom and infant. Despite recommendations from the World Health... Read More

Exposure to Kaletra and Adrenal Problems Among Infants

Jul 21, 2011

Researchers compared HIV-exposed infants treated postnatally with lopinavir-ritonavir (Kaletra) with those treated with zidovudine (AZT). Those exposed to Kaletra had elevated 17OHP levels. There was also an increase in values for those exposed in utero versus not exposed... Read More

Perspective of the National Perinatal HIV Hotline

Jul 19, 2011

The National Perinatal HIV Hotline fields calls from practitioners across the country on such topics as HIV testing during pregnancy, antepartum ARV regimens, and interactions of hormonal contraceptives and HIV medications. This hotline is a free, 24/7 service for... Read More